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REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 73
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS
FROM PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VA.
(From Copies on File at Pittsylvania C. H.
State of Virginia,
On the 17th day of September 1832, personally appeared
before the County Court of Pittsylvania John Smith a resident
of the County & State aforesaid aged 88 years, who on his oath
made the following declaration, —
That he was drafted in the Virginia Militia under Capt. James
Brewer of the County of Pittsylvania in the year 178 1 — the
names of the lieutenant & ensign he does not recollect, that he
marched first to Halifax Co. House in the State of Virginia
where he met the regular Army under the command of Gen'ls
Greene & Stephens — thence he marched with the main Army
by the Red House in the County of Caswell in the State of N.
C. and by the High Rock on Dan River in the State of North
Carolina to the battle of Guilford in that State. In that battle
he was in the company of Captain Black, his former captain
(Brewer) under whom he was drafted having returned home.
After the battle of Guilford Capt. Black was discharged &
William Dix became his Captain. He then marched from the
battle ground with the main army under General Green to the
head waters of Rocky River — thence down that river to its
confluence with Deep River in the state of N. C. — thence down
Deep River as far as the neighborhood of Chatham Co. House
in North Carolina. On Deep River he left Genl. Green with
the main army & he marched with Col. Cocke to Haw River
in N. Carolina. There he left Col. Cocke and received a dis-
charge from his Capt. Wm. Dix, which discharge is now filed
& shown to the Court, dated Mar. 30th, 1781.
He afterwards was drafted under Capt. William Dix in the
74 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
fall of the year 1781, and marched immediately to York Town,
and remained there with the Army until the Surrender of the
British under Cornwallis. From York Town he marched as one
of the company who were sent to guard the prisoners at No-
land's ferry. On the Rappahannock his Captain William Dix
was taken sick and Charles Williams was appointed Captain
from whom he received his final discharge now filed and shewn
to the Court.
John X Smith.
State of Va., to wit.
On 22d day of August Personally appeared in open Court
Jacob Anderson, a resident of said county & State aforesaid
(aged Seventy years) made following declaration on his oath —
That he entered the service of the U. S. drafted in a Company
under the Command of Capt. John Marshall and marched about
the first of April 1778 in the said Company from the County of
Caroline direct to Williamsburg & was stationed at that place
forty five days. He does not now recollect any of the Officers
or soldiers that were there then, except the Captain that he
marched with, that he was discharged at Williamsburg about
the 1st of June 1778, that his discharge is lost or mislaid and
cannot be found. He does not know any living person that
served with him on that tour, the whole time of service rendered
including the time of travelling home was upwards of two months.
He again entered the Service of the United States as a Sol-
dier being drafted & marched from the County of Cumberland
Some time in the year 1779 in a Company commanded by Capt.
Richard Allen, Lieut. Glenn, and Ensign John Daniel — through
the County of Goochland and joined Col. Skipwith's [Henry
Skipwith] Regiment as well as he now recollects, in the County
of Hanover, and then marched to a place called Morben Hill
about 17 miles below Richmond, and was Stationed at that Place
under Baron Steuben for Sometime but frequently marched
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 75
about the Surrounding County untill our term of Service ex-
pired, being three months. He does not recollect whether he
received a Written discharge or not, but believes they were dis-
charged by entire companies. He has no discharge in his Pos-
session, but the tour of Service is Proved by Charles Allen who
was an Orderly Serjeant in the Same Company with him.
He again entered the Service of the United States about the
last of August 178 1 being drafted as a Soldier and marched from
the Said County of Cumberland in a Company of Militia com-
manded by Capt. Creed Hankins [Haskins] thro the Counties of
Powhatan & Prince George to little York and was attached to
Col. Skipweth's Regiment, and was Stationed at that Place
until Lord Cornwallis Surrendered himself and his Army to
General George Washington. He was discharged at that Place
by Colo. Skipwith on the 20th of October 178 1 the whole time
of Service rendered on this tour including the time to travel
home was at least two months — his discharge is lost or mislaid
but the service rendered on this tour is proved by Charles Allen,
who was with him Stationed at the Same place.
He was born in the County of Caroline in the State of Va.
He supposes in the year 1760 but has no record of his age — He
lived in the County of Caroline when he first entered the service
of the U. S. in the year 1778. He moved to the County of
Cumberland in the winter of 1779 and lived in that County when
he entered the service of the U. S. last & resided in Same
County until the year 1784. He then removed to the County of
Pittsylvania & has lived there ever since.
Sworn to & Subscribed the day & year aforementioned.
Jacob X Anderson.
State of Va.
On this 22d day of August 1832 Personally appeared before
the Court of Pitts, now sitting, Robert Ferguson, a resident of
76 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
Said County & State aforesaid, aged Seventy Two years, and
made the following declaration on his oath —
That he entered the Service of the U. S. some time in the
year 1779 as a Substitute for Bozaliel Wier & marched from the
County of Pitts, in a Company of Militia commanded by Capt.
Witcher to Salisbury in the State of N. C. & joined the N. C.
Militia in that place under Colo. Mason, he was stationed there
two or three months, then marched to Charlotte in said State
N. C. & remained at that place a few days, they were marched
from there for some time in various directions untill they arrived
at Stone Inlet on coast of S. C. & were stationed near that place
until their term of service ended, being Six months, that his dis-
charge is lost & cannot be found. He does not know any per-
son living that was with him in that tour but the Service ren-
dered is Proved by Bozaliel Wier who employed him as his Sub-
In the Spring 1780 he was employed by Joseph Terry to
assist him in driving a Parcel of Cattle into the State of N. C,
when they arrived at Willcs Court House about the 15th day of
May 1780. He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a Vol-
unteer Soldier, and marched from the Said County of Wilks in
State aforesaid in a Company commanded by Capt. Wm. Cleve-
land & joined the Regiment Commanded by Colo. John Cleve-
land, that they continued marching in various directions, Some-
times down the Catawba River, not being stationed long at any
One Place, they were Principally engaged in Searching for, and
taking Torys untill about the first of October, they returned to
said Wilks C. H. & were there discharged by Colo. Cleveland,
the whole of the time rendered on this tour was at least 4 months
& 15 days, his discharge is lost & cannot be found.
About the first of December 1780 he again entered the Service
of the United States as a substitute for Wm. Bennett & marched
from the County of Pitts., State of Va., in a Company of drafted
Militia commanded by Capt. John Winn to the Island Ford on
Dan River from there to the great falls on the said Dan River
where Danville is now situated, from there they marched to the
State of N. C. & joined the Main Army under Gen'l Stephens &
Gen'l Lawson, he was then transferred to a Company Com-
manded by Capt. Wm. Dix and marched with him in the Army
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 77
as aforesaid in various directions, not being stationed long at any
one place, but sometimes marched nearly all night, untill they
met with Lord Cornwallis in the County of Guilford, when a
severe Battle was fought, the Americans were defeated in that
engagement & retreated to Troublesome Iron Works near Haw
River, where they were again Organized and marched from that
place under Gen'l Green in Pursuit of the British untill they
arrived at Rumseys Mill on Deep River in State of N. C. He
was discharged at that Place by Capt. William Dix in month of
April 1 78 1, the whole tour of service rendered on this tour is at
least four months. His discharge is lost but his service can be
proved by James M. Williams, who was a soldier with him at
same time & place.
About last of April 1781 he was drafted as a soldier & marched
from Co. of Pitts, in a Company of Militia commanded by Capt.
Henry Burnett thro' Halifax Co. to Charlotte C. H. — joined the
army at that place under Gen'l Lawson, was transferred to a
comp'y Commanded by Capt. John Buckly attached to the Regi-
ment commanded by Maj'r Purnell, from there was marched to
Prince Edward C. H. & from there through Cumberland Co.,
crossed James River at Carter's Ferry & continued to march
until they came to Dandridges Old field in Hanover County
when he was again transferred to a Company commanded by
Capt. Wm. Clark. He marched with him under Maj. Purnell
in said Army to a place called Morben Hill about 17 miles below
Rich., was stationed there several weeks, then marched the
whole Army under Baron Steuben, Gen'l Green, Stephens &
JLawson to Jamestown; a Battle was fought at that place, after
which they went back to Morben Hill where they were stationed
until he was discharged by Capt. Wm. Clark about last of July
1 781, the whole service rendered on this tour was three months,
his discharge is lost & cannot be found but the service Rendered
is proved by Leroy Shelton who was a soldier with him in same
Companies & at same time.
That as soon as he returned home from Serving the above tour
which was in the month of August 1781 he enlisted with Wm.
McCraw who was a Deputy Quarter Master for the Southern
Army at Peytonsburg Pittsylvania Co. Va. , during the war &
remained in the service of the U. S. — engaged a waggoner
78 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
driving the public teams under the command of the said Wm.
McCraw untill after the end of the War, the whole time service
rendered under this enlistment was at least one year. His dis-
charge is lost, but his service can be proved by Jas. M. Williams
who was in same service with McCraw.
Was born in Co. of Halifax State of Va. — year 1761.
Lived in Pitts. Co. when entered- the Service of U. S., & has
lived in said Co. ever since.
Sworn to & Subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
Robert X Ferguson.
Pitts Co., State of Va.— to wit:
On the 22d day of August 1832 Personally appeared in open
court before Dan'l Coleman, Jas. Logan, David H. Clark &
Wm. D. Pannill the Court of Pitts, now sitting Abraham Chaney
a resident of said county, aged 72 yrs. & made following declara-
tion on his oath —
That he entered the service of the U. S. as a Volunteer Sol-
dier in a company of Militia Commanded by Capt. John Donald-
son jr. Lieut Moses Hutchings & Ensign Joseph Williams &
marched from the County of Pittsylvania on the 9th day of
April 1776 & went thro Franklin Co. crossed the Blue Ridge at
Magotty Gap, New River at English's Ferry & continued on to
the Islands of Holston River & was stationed on that river in a
fort, from that Place, Capt. Donalson with 15 men of whom he
was one, went out to search for the Cherokee Indians ranging
Principally thro the woods in Various directions for about two
weeks when they returned to the same fort where they remained
until their tour of duty being for three months expired — When
he was discharged by Capt. Donalson at that place in the Month
of July 1776, about 300 miles from home making in all the time
rendered on this tour including the time to travel home at least
His discharge is lost or mislaid so that it cannot be found but
REVOLUTIONARY PENSION DECLARATIONS. 79
the Service rendered is proved by Joshua Dodson who was a
soldier with him all the time.
He again entered the Service of the U. S. as a soldier in a
company of Militia Commanded by the same Capt. John Donal-
son jr, Lieut. John Gwinn & marched from the said Pittsylvania
Co. on 7th day of April 1778 went thro the County of Franklin
to Colo. Preston's in Montgomery, remained near his House a
few days & marched from there to Hatfield Fort on Stoney
Creek near New River in said Co. Montgomery — & was sta-
tioned at that place under the said Officers (no other troops
being there) until the 12th of Aug. 1778, when he was discharged
by Capt. Donalson, the time of this tour being four months &
8 days, his discharge is lost but proved by John Neal and John
Forthing who were soldiers with him at that place.
In the winter of 1781 he was drafted as a Militia soldier &
marched from the Co. of Pitts, in a Company under the com-
mand of Capt. Clements thro the County of Halifax into N. C.
to Hillsborough & was there taken sick & Placed in a Hospital
near that Place & was confined there two months & 15 days,
when he hired his Brother Joseph Chaney to take his place —
Joseph was received as a Substitute for him & he was discharged
from the service being still sick. His discharge is lost & cannot
Relinquishes pension in other Rolls of Agency.
Sworn to & Subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
Abram X Chaney.
Pitts Co., State of Va.
On 22 day of August 1832, personally appeared in open court
before David Clark Wm. L. Pannill & , county
court of Pitts, now sitting Daniel Bradley, a resident of the Co.
of Pitts. & made following declaration —
That he first enlisted & entered the service of the U. S. as a
80 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
regular soldier in the ist Va. Regt. of Southern Army, was
enlisted by ensign Belew in Cumberland County Va. where
he then resided, on the ist of July 1780, engaged to serve for
18 Mo's, & was marched by Capt. Alexander Gwthemy from
Cumberland Co. to Chesterfield C. H. — the place of rendezvous
where he was put under command of Capt. White whose com-
mand was attached to the armed force commanded by Col.
Campbell, Mulenburg the commanding general, from there he
marched under the command of Col. Campbell & Capt. Morton
to Guilford C. H. or its neighborhood & was engaged in the
Battle of Guilford commanded by Maj. General Greene, from
thence after that Battle he marched under Colo. Campbell &
Maj. Gen'l Greene & Capt. Morgan, who fell in on the way to
ninty-six where he remained 31 days the whole month of May
1781 — from thence he marched under the same General officers,
Campbell & Greene, skirmishing & taking by the way Scotch lake
Fort, Friday's Fort, Thompson's Fort, Augusta Fort, the Block-
house to Camden where they were stationed for io days — from
thence he was marched under the same officers, Capt. Morgan,
Colo. Campbell & General Greene to the Eutaw Springs, where
on the 8th of Sept. 1781, he was engaged in that Battle, from
there they reconoitered about that section of the country, check-
ing the enemy, during which time they remained several weeks
on the High hills of Santee, the Place of Rendezvous, from
there they were marched under Lieut. Greene, Capt. Morgan
being wounded at Eutaw Springs to Stone, from thence to
Salisbury in N. C. where he was discharged by Lieut. Greene—
That his discharge is mislaid or lost, that he has no documen-
tory evidence to prove the facts required.
Daniel X Bradley.
(to be continued)